The Lap Band surgery procedure, also known as a gastric band, is a restrictive type of weight loss surgery. The Lap Band has been an FDA-approved treatment for morbid obesity in the United States since 2001. Gastric banding procedures are the second most common form of weight loss surgery, next to gastric bypass surgery which is the most common.
During the operation, the bariatric surgeon will place the Lap Band, or gastric band, around the upper portion of your stomach just below your esophagus. Next. your surgeon will insert a small port beneath the skin and fat, attaching tubing to the gastric band. This will allow for the Lap Band to be adjusted following the surgical procedure. Your weight loss surgeon will then fill the gastric band with saline, compressing the stomach so that the patient feels full sooner and longer until the food passes into the main part of the stomach. Typically, surgeons will do a Lap Band adjustment a few weeks following the surgery. A gastric band may need to be filled with saline several times to create the right balance.
The typical weight loss during the first year after Lap Band surgery is 40% of your excess weight. By year 3, the average weight loss is 43% of all excess weight. In addition to the weight loss, patients undergoing Lap Band surgery can also expect improvement in comorbidities such as acid reflux disease, sleep apnea, and Type II Diabetes.