Gastric Sleeve surgery is among the most restrictive surgeries frequently used in the United States to reverse and control morbid obesity. The process has become more popular over recent years as a first choice for weight loss. Though the surgery is among the newest in restrictive weight loss surgeries, it has proved to be one that has one of the highest success rates and speed in weight loss results.
Ideally any individual who is over the age of 18 years old and unable to lose weight the conventional way is a candidate. A body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more or 35 or more with a comorbidity such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and Type II Diabetes may also qualify. Individuals who choose to endure gastric sleeve surgery must remain dedicated to their lifestyle change in order to keep the weight off.
You’re likely a great candidate for this bariatric surgery if you have tried diet plans and had little to no success. It’s important to remember that good nutrition and an active lifestyle is a lifetime commitment for your health. The surgery helps with portion sizes as it only allows you eat a certain amount of food at a time, but in order to keep the momentum going, you have to be willing to continue the plan for a lifetime. Think to yourself — Am I able to implement dietary changes and stay on path? Discuss your particular situation with a bariatric surgeon in order to understand the full benefits of gastric sleeve surgery.
The surgery is laparoscopic in nature by making five little incisions on the abdomen of the patient. These are used to pass trocars through, which are used in turn to insert the insert the instruments and scope needed to complete the work. The surgeon will create a small stomach by stapling the larger stomach down a size that is approximately 75% smaller than the original. The new smaller stomach will be shaped like a sleeve and will already be attached to the inlet and outlet for the stomach. The hunger of the patient will be reduced because the portion of the stomach that contains ghrelin, the hunger hormone, will be removed.
The amount of weight loss that you can expect from Gastric Sleeve differs from patient to patient. This said, there is a general progression of weight loss as time progresses after the surgery. Within the first year after the surgery most patients experience a weight loss of between 30% and 50% of the excess weight. In the second year following the surgery most patients can expect to lose between 60% and 70% of the excess weight and during the third year patients often experience an approximate 70% of weight loss of excess weight. Ultimately, gastric sleeve patients can expect a 30% drop in their body mass index number.
Ultimately gastric sleeve surgery is not just associated with short term weight loss, but ongoing weight loss. The weight loss surgery is designed not only to aid in weight loss, but to help patients keep the weight off by controlling their portion sizes. According to a study by Stanford University, just .96% of bariatric surgery patients experienced any complication at all with gastric sleeve surgery. The study looked at 16,000 different gastric sleeve patients in a pool of 270,000 bariatric surgery and metabolic patients. The same study found that the mortality rate for this surgical procedure was just .08% after 30 days. While the overall mortality rate for most weight loss surgeries is low (.14%), sleeve gastrectomy mortality rate numbers are much lower than that low average.
Most of the patients who had gastric sleeve surgery were suffering from obesity-related medical conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea, high cholesterol, Type II Diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure and coronary artery disease. Approximately 45-58% of all patients studied saw complete remission of their diabetes, 77% resolution with their high blood pressure and 77% of patients with their high cholesterol. Nearly 60% of all patients experienced total resolution of their obstructive sleep apnea.
Ultimately all of these benefits are long term. Many patients report keeping the weight they lost off 10-15 years following their procedure. Overall, these long term studies are proving the fact that gastric sleeve can provide patients the ability to lose weight gradually and in a healthy way while helping them maintain their weight in the future.